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Origins of the 14th Dalai Lama
Upon the death of the 13th Dalai Lama in 1933, and signs pointed to where the next Lama might be found. In the small village of Kumbum, a search party discovered young Lhamo Thondup (the future Tenzin Gyatso, above), who displayed familiarity with objects belonging to his predecessor.
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Lhamo Thondup was declared the new Dalai Lama in 1939. He was taken to Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, in 1940, where his name was changed to Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso and he began his spiritual education.
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In this , the young Tenzin Gyatso poses with his mother. The Dalai Lama's parents had 16 children, 9 of whom survived. His brother Thupten Jigme Norbu is also recognized as the High Lama Taktser Rinpoche.
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During the 1950s, the new Communist government of China gradually took control of Tibet. Their refusal to respect the sanctity and authority of the Dalai Lama led to a resistance which was crushed by the Chinese army, forcing Tenzin Gyatso and his followers to flee across the Himalayas, where this photo was taken, to India.
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By 1959, the Chinese assumed complete authority over Tibet. In this photograph, Chinese soldiers block the border with India, part of a failed effort to stop the Dalai Lama's escape.
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The Dalai Lama's spiritual home is the Potala Palace. He has not lived there since 1959.
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Since his exile to India, Tenzin Gyatso has labored to draw attention to the Chinese occupation of Tibet and bring the message of Tibetan Buddhism to the rest of the world.
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Many celebrities, Richard Gere most notable among them, have taken up his cause.
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At a 1986 prayer for peace organized by the in Assisi, the Dalai Lama joins from left: The Archbishop of Canterbury Robert Runcie, Orthodox Archbishop Methodius and .
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Presently the Dalai Lama resides in Dharamsala, India. In this photograph, he meditates in the offices of the government in exile.
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Every year, thousands India to pay their respects to His Holiness.
At the core of the Dalai Lama's political message is the belief that global peace cannot begin until each person has attained inner peace.